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MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian

Quick assistance with citing your sources for a research paper

The Basics

Speeches, Films, Television Programs

You may need to cite content other than books, article and websites covered in the handout above. Here are some further examples:



 Jimenez, Francisco. "Hispanic Heritage Month." West Valley College, 11 Oct. 2016, Saratoga. Speech.

Streaming movie  

 We are Legion: The Story of Hacktivists. Directed by Brian Knappenberger, 2012. Netflix,


 Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone. Dir. Chris Columbus. 2001. Warner Bros., 2002. DVD.

TV Program

 Breaking Bad. Created by Vince Gilligan, High Bridge Productions, 2008.

Audio Podcast

 "What’s At Stake For Both Candidates In Tonight’s Debate." from FiveThirtyEight, 26 Sept. 2016,

Sound Recordings, Musical Compositions, Performances

You may include other information (names of performers, directors, etc.) if they are pertinent. List the most important as the main entry.

Entire Albums

Supernatural. Performance by Santana, Sony Legacy, 1999.

Individual Songs

"When Doves Cry." Performance by Prince & the Revolution. Recorded 1984.
 Purple Rain, performance by Prince & the Revolution, Warner Bros, 1990.

Individual Song -

Streaming Service

"Hypnotize." Performance by Notorious B.I.G. Life after Death, Bad Boy Records,
 1997. Spotify, Accessed 12
 Oct. 2016.

Musical Composition

Beethoven, Ludwig van. Symphony No. 7 in A Major, Op. 92. Boston: Oliver Ditson, 1932. CD.

Musical Score

If part of a series, include that information after the medium.

Beethoven, Ludwig van. Symphony No. 7 in A Major, Op. 92. 1811. New York: Belwin, 1994. Kalmus

       ConcertMasters Series.


Hamilton. Performance by Lin-Manuel Miranda, 12 Oct. 2016, New York City.