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(Intro) "Native American women and girls are facing an epidemic of violence that is hiding in plain sight. They are being killed or trafficked at rates far higher than the rest of the U.S. population (on some reservations, women are 10 times as likely to be murdered as the national average, according to the Justice Department). Some simply disappear, presumably forced into sex trafficking.
These cases often go unsolved. Now, three senators are hoping to combat this epidemic."
(Intro) "On October 16, 2014, emerging actress Misty Upham was found dead after falling over a cliff in Auburn, Washington. Though she'd disappeared 11 days before, local police refused to help her family search for her, according to family friend Tracy Recto."
(Abstract) "Indigenous people are often part of the “fourth world”—a subaltern community whose members experience poor social outcomes despite living in a first world context. In North American, fourth world status has resulted in a “crisis” of missing and murdered indigenous women and girls. Activists have successfully garnered attention to the issue of “MMIW,” pressuring Canada to launch a National Inquiry and prompting US policymakers to introduce legislation. This study considered how Twitter has facilitated MMIW (cyber)activism by cultivating a collective indigenous identity. It considered how participants in #MMIW framed the nature of indigenous trauma in contrast to mass media framings of indigenous issues. The researchers conducted a thematic analysis of 481 tweets sampled from May-July of 2019. They found that hashtag participants framed indigenous trauma as (a) personal and pervasive, (b) systemic and structural, and (c) continued injustice, mobilizing a nation-building discourse."
(Abstract) "The article reports on lawyers including Lauren van Schilfgaarde and Heather Torres introduced the American Bar Association (ABA) to the missing and murdered indigenous women crisis. Topics include murder of Savanna LaFontaine-Greywind, a 22-year-old Spirit Lake tribal member who was eight months pregnant; and acknowledging and prioritizing respond to the Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women (MMIW)."
(Abstract) "This article examines four multimedia artivist artefacts at the nexus of the missing and murdered Indigenous women's (MMIW) crisis. I position artivism as a decolonial methodology that radically alters our attunement to embodied aesthetics, contending that feminist artivists employ a radical imagination to liberate the body/body politic. Decoloniality must be an enacted praxis, and for many Indigenous feminists, creative and artistic practices provide a transformative pathway towards "making" and "living out" one's indigeneity as knowledge and tradition-bearers. Each of the four exhibits illustrate the ways in which settler politics are narrated and resisted through and by the Indigenous body. My analysis illuminates what I theorize as an "embodied liminality" allied to Anzaldua's (1987) "Borderlands" and Bhabha's (2004) "Third Space." By articulating both feminist and decolonial forms of liminality, I explore the radical dimensions of artivism and the strategic subjugation of the liminal's in-between threshold in which Indigenous women are traditionally relegated as "monstrous" Others. Using feminist artivism as a pathway to decolonization renders indigeneity clearly visible, such that the once-shadowy forms of its liminality is now simultaneously the protagonist and antagonist of the settler state. Building a decolonial movement against the MMIW crisis must begin with the recognition of the Indigenous body across fluid boundaries of radical resistance and critical vocabularies of aesthetic deviance."
(Abstract) "Allegations in 2014 against prominent figures in Canadian media and politics, in 2015 and beyond within the Canadian military, and into 2017 against political leaders in Ontario, have brought to light the systemic and widespread nature of harassment and violence against women in Canada. While women of all backgrounds are targets of gendered violence, Aboriginal women are seven times more likely to be victims of homicide than non-Aboriginal women (O'Donnell and Wallace 42). A 2014 report from Amnesty International acknowledges that" [t]he scale and severity of violence faced by Indigenous women and girls in Canada... constitutes a national human rights crisis" ("Violence Against" 1). The Canadian federal government responded to this call by initiating the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls in 2016."
" MESA--With kicks, blocks and twists of the wrist, 16-year-old Kylie Hunts-in-Winter is teaching Native American boys and girls to stay safe. Her defense classes have a mission: to keep more indigenous women and girls from disappearing and dying. An estimated 500 have been lost to violence over the past decades, but experts said the number is under-reported. "Native women are more likely to be a target of attacks and will need to defend themselves more," Hunts-in-Winter said as she taught members of the Native American Club at Westwood High School."
(Description) "Indigenous people face many challenges as a result of assimilation and colonialism; the land is the basis of First Nations culture. Hip hop music provides a cultural bridge. The disappearance and murder of indigenous women continues to be an issue."